What is Tourmaline?

The Tourmaline gemstone has one of the widest colour ranges among gemstones. It can be found in almost every colour. The tourmaline’s name stems from the Sinhalese word ”Toramalli” – a word for a gemstone in multiple colours. It has even gotten the nickname,” rainbow gemstone”. Read along if you’d like to know more about Tourmaline!

October's birthstone

Tourmaline, alongside Opal, is the birthstone for the month of October. Carrying your birthstone is said to bring good luck. You can carry your own birthstone as a lucky amulet or carry your loved ones’ birthstone as a symbol of love.


Tourmaline is the gemstone for tolerance and compassion. It’s thus said that it emphasizes understanding – both for others and for yourself. Tourmaline is a confidence stone, which is full of inspiration and positive energy.

Tourmaline throughout history

It’s said that the widow Empress, Tzu Hsi of China, had an affinity for Tourmaline, which made it especially popular in the latter half of the 1800-hundreds. The gemstone was not only set into fine jewellery but was also set into precious trinkets and decorations.

Wedding day

Many gemstones are connected to a special anniversary. Tourmaline jewellery is traditionally gifted on the 8th wedding anniversary.

Tourmaline's many colours

It’s the Tourmaline’s many strong colours that make it especially coveted. Multi-coloured Tourmaline in a single gemstone is not uncommon. Tourmaline has different names depending on its colour.

Rubellite Tourmaline (red-purple), Chrome Tourmaline (intense green), Watermelon Tourmaline (green on the edges, red in the centre), Parti Tourmaline (multi-coloured tourmaline).

What are inclusions?

Tourmaline is a gemstone with relatively many inclusions – which are tiny crevices within the gemstone, oftentimes shaped as small feathers. Completely clear tourmaline gemstones without inclusions are especially valuable.


Tourmaline consists of the elements, silicate, boron, and aluminium. Its colour is determined by which other elements affect the mineral under its creation. Tourmaline is a 7-7.5 on Moh’s Hardness Scale, which is a scale from 1-10, determining the hardness of gemstones, where 1 is the softest and 10 is the hardest. Tourmaline can be extracted in Brazil, The United States, Sri Lanka, Russia, Madagascar, Tanzania, Mozambique, and Afghanistan.